History of microprocessors

History of microprocessor-Technology News.
Review the historical development of the microprocessor we need to know its history.


1971: 4004 Microprocessor

In 1971 comes the first microprocessor Intel 4004 microprocessor is used on the machine Busicom calculator. With this discovery opens the way to incorporate artificial intelligence in inanimate objects.

1972: 8008 Microprocessor

In 1972 comes the 8008 microprocessor, a powerful 2-fold from its predecessor the 4004.

1974: 8080 Microprocessor

Into the brain of a computer called the Altair, at that time sold about ten thousand in a month

1978: 8086-8088 Microprocessor

An important sale in the computer division occurs in products for personal computers made by IBM that uses a processor 8088 which managed to push up the name of intelligence.

1982: 286 Microprocessor

Intel 286 or better known by the name of 80 286 is a first processor that can recognize and use the software used for the previous processor.

1985: Intel386 ™ Microprocessor

Intel 386 is a processor that has an embedded diprosessor 275,000 transistors which when compared with 4004 has a 100-fold more compared with 4004

1989: Intel486 ™ DX CPU Microprocessor

Processor is the first time allows a variety of applications that had been typing the command-command should be just a click only, and has a complex mathematical functions that reduce the workload on the processor.

1993: Intel ® Pentium ® Processor

The new generation of processors that can handle different types of data such as voice, sound, handwriting, and photographs.

1995: Intel ® Pentium ® Pro Processor

Processor is designed for use on the server and workstation applications, are made to process data quickly, this processor has a 5.5 jt transistors are embedded.

1997: Intel ® Pentium ® II Processor

Pentium II processor is an Intel MMX processor that combines specially designed to process video data, audio, and graphics efficiently. There are 7.5 million transistors integrated in it, so with this processor PC users can process a variety of data and use the internet better.

1998: Intel ® Pentium II Xeon ® Processor

Processor made for the needs of the application server. Intel's strategy was to fulfill that wish to provide a unique processor for a particular market.

1999: Intel ® Celeron ® Processor

Processor Intel Celeron processor is issued as a processor that is intended for users who do not really need a faster processor performance for users who want to build a computer system with a budget (prices) are not too large. Intel Celeron processor has the same shape and formfactor with an Intel Pentium type, but only with the instructions a little more, its L2 cache is smaller, the speed (clock speed) is slower, and cheaper than an Intel processor Pentium type. With this release of the Intel Celeron processor back to a processor for a particular market.

1999: Intel ® Pentium ® III Processor

Pentium III processor is a processor with an added 70 new instructions that dramatically enhance the ability of high-level imaging, three-dimensional, streaming audio, and video applications as well as voice recognition.

1999: Intel ® Pentium ® III Xeon ® Processor

Intel re-penetrated market of servers and workstations by issuing a series of Pentium III Xeon, but the type that has 70 SIMD command. The advantages of this processor is that it can speed up the processing of information from the system bus to the processor, which also boost performance significantly. This processor is also designed to be combined with other similar processors.

2000: Intel ® Pentium ® 4 Processor

Processor Intel Pentium IV is a product that speeds up the process is capable of penetrating speed of 3.06 GHz. First time out with a 1.5GHz processor speed formafactor pin 423, after it changed intel Intel Pentium 4 processor formfactor becomes pin 478 which starts from an Intel Pentium 4 1.3 GHz speed up the latest that is currently able to penetrate up to 3.4 GHz speed.

2001: Intel ® Xeon ® Processor

Intel Pentium 4 Xeon processor is an Intel Pentium 4 processors that are specific to act as a server computer. This processor has a number of pins more than the Intel Pentium 4 processor with a memory and a larger L2 cache as well.

2001: Intel ® Itanium ® Processor

Is the first Itanium-based 64-bit processor intended for usage on servers and workstations as well as specific users. This processor is built with a structure completely different from the previous design and technology based on Intel's Explicitly Parallel Instruction Computing (EPIC).

2002: Intel ® Itanium ® 2 Processor

Itanium 2 is the second generation of the Itanium family

2003: Intel ® Pentium ® M Processor

855 chipset, and Intel ® PRO / WIRELESS 2100 is a component of Intel ® Centrino ™. Intel Centrino is made to meet the market needs of the existence of a computer that is easy to carry anywhere.

2004: Intel Pentium M processors 735/745/755

Equipped with the 855 chipset with new features 2Mb L2 cache, 400MHz system bus and processor socket compatibility with the Pentium M series before.

2004: Intel E7520/E7320 Chipsets

7320/7520 can be used for dual processor configuration with 800MHz FSB, DDR2 400 memory, PCI Express peripherals and interfaces.

2005: Intel Pentium 4 Extreme Edition 3.73GHz

A processor aimed at the market of computer users who want something more from their computers, the processor uses the configuration of frequency 3.73GHz, 1.066GHz FSB, EM64T, 2MB L2 cache, and hyperthreading.

2005: Intel Pentium D 820/830/840

Based on 64 bit processor and are called dual core because it uses 2 core, with 1MB of L2 cache configuration for each core, 800MHz FSB, and can operate at a frequency of 2.8GHz, 3.0GHz, and 3.2GHz. On the processor type is also included support HyperThreading.

2006: Intel Core 2 Quad Q6600

Processors for desktop and type used in people who want more power than the computer that he has has 2 cores with a 2.4GHz configuration with 8MB of L2 cache (up to 4MB accessible per core), 1.06GHz Front-side bus, and thermal design power (TDP)

2006: Quad-core Intel Xeon X3210/X3220

Processor is used to type the server and has 2 cores with each having the configuration 2.13 and 2.4GHz, respectively, with 8MB of L2 cache (4MB can achieve that is accessible to each core), 1.06GHz Front-side bus, and thermal design power (TDP)

> 2006: Intel Core i3

The Core i3 is intended to be a new entry-level processor from Intel, after retiring from the Core 2.

The first terrace I3 processor was launched on January 7, 2010. with the integrated GPU and two cores. The same processor Will also be available as Core i5 and Pentium, with slightly different configurations. The same processor will also be available as Core i5 and Pentium, with slightly different configurations.

The I3-3xxM based on Arrandale Core processors, the mobile version of Clarkdale desktop processors. They will be similar to a Core i5-4xx series but running at lower clock speeds and no Turbo boost.

According to some sources, there is a Core 2 processor based on Yorkfield, Wolfdale and Penyrin also get rebranded to the Core i3

Core i5

based on the Nehalem microarchitecture. The Core i5 first introduced on September 8, 2009 and is a major variant of the i7, initially only the core desktop quad-core processor based on the Lynnfield, with dual-core mobile (Arrandale) and processor desktop (Clarkdale) after the year 2010.

Core i7

Intel Core i7 processor is the first who managed to break the 100 for SPECint_base_rate2006 tests that simulate some of the tasks to measure the speed of the processor. For this test the Intel Core i7 managed to get the number 117. Intel's Core i7 is equipped with a Turbo Boost which allows you to adjust the clock speed, from the four individual processing cores for single-and multiple finish application threads. Besides the processor is also equipped with power saving and Hyper Threading Core i7 was officially launched in three quad-core versions. Judging from the price, the Core i7 is not cheap. But if you want to assemble a PC with Core i7 system, you do have to pay dearly. For the system, your options are still limited to the motherboard with the Intel X58 chipset (with ICH10 southbridge) and DDR3 Memory. Both prices were not cheap.


AMD Duron
AMD Duron processor is a family of low-cost version of the AMD Athlon family, introduced in June 2000. At first, Duron Spitfire has a code name, which is based on Thunderbird core. Just as Intel is cutting Level-2 cache on the cheap versions of the Pentium II / III (Celeron), AMD also do the same: AMD deciding Duron only has 64 KB only.

AMD Sempron
AMD Sempron processor is a line that was introduced by AMD in 2004, as a replacement for AMD Duron processor on low-cost computer market, to compete with Intel Celeron D. AMD Sempron divided into two types, namely:

AMD Sempron Socket A
Version of AMD's Socket A Sempron is a variant of Sempron processors made by AMD Athlon XP Thoroughbred, because at that time AMD has launched a processor for high-end market, AMD Athlon 64. It offers the same features with AMD Athlon XP, including the method of marketing that uses (does not like Duron who use speed as a marker of the series, Sempron using the Performance Rating, as well as the Athlon XP).

AMD Sempron Socket-754
AMD Sempron Socket 754 Sempron processor is built on AMD64 architecture, in order to enhance its performance. Sempron Palermo has a code name, the same as the AMD Sempron Socket A, using the Performance Rating in the marketing process. Because constructed using the AMD64 architecture, the processor is capable of running 64-bit instructions. However, in some Sempron series processors, the feature is not enabled (so it can only execute instructions 32-bit only).

AMD's Kryptonite
AMD K5 is a microprocessor developed by AMD that is compatible with Pentium processor. K5 is available in various speed rating, the PR75, PR90, PR100, PR120, PR133, PR166, and PR200. Because AMD's K5 designed to be compatible with the Pentium physically and functionally, this processor can use all the motherboards that have support for the Intel Pentium, though it may be necessary to update the BIOS so that all the features of the AMD K5 can be exploited.

The AMD K6 is the 6th generation processors with high Performance and can be installed on the motherboard supports Intel Pentium reply. AMD K6 still subdivided model that is: AMD K6, AMD K6-2, AMD K6-III

AMD Athlon
AMD Athlon is a seventh generation microprocessor series (K7) AMD made for PC. Athlon has some abilities, such as speed 200MHz system bus, nine execution pipelines (three pipeline for address calculations, three for integer calculations and three for floating point calculations and instructions 3DNow! And MMX).
Technology 3DNow! to run 3D applications and high-speed system on chip cache of 384K (128K of L1 cache and 256K L2 Cache). Athlon shall be installed on the main board (motherboard) which has a slot A.

AMD Opetron

AMD Opteron is a 64-bit microprocessors made by AMD, released for workstation and server market in the spring of 2003. These processors use the same architecture with AMD Athlon 64 processor, which is AMD64.

AMD Athlon 64

AMD Athlon 64 FamilyAMD has three types of processors with different performance. Namely, Athlon 64 and FX Series, as well Sempron. Despite of all three have the same basic technology, but some features and prices offered have significant differences.
Basically, AMD Athlon 64 processor is capable of producing a high velocity of the applications that use lots of floating point and needs a large bandwidth.

AMD Athlon 64
In this processor has two versions. The first version still uses the single-channel memory. The Athlon 64 which uses a socket 75. While the second uses a socket 939 and already have a dual-channel memory technology. For the price, of course, the Athlon 64 754 has a cheaper price than the 939. Both have a L2 cache of 1 MB, while for the speed offered diverse, ranging from 2.4 GHz to 3.0 GHz.

Athlon 64 FX
This processor is a processor that is most appropriate to support the gamers, because in addition equipped with 1 MB of L2 cache with the lowest rate offered at 2.6 GHz. At the output processor either AMD Athlon 64 or Athlon 64 FX and the application already supports 64-bit operating system. And now AMD has issued a dualcore processor, the AMD Athlon 64 X2, still using socket 939 +.

AMD Phenom
Phenom is AMD's desktop processors based on K10 microarchitecture, or Family 10h Processors, as AMD calls them. Triple-core versions (codenamed Toliman) belong to the series and quad-core Phenom 8000 (codenamed Agena) in the series AMD Phenom X4 9000. Phenom is a 64-bit processors.

hopefully useful for you all.
success always for you.

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